Bridging the Generations in Local Government – 15

Cookingham Connection - Tom BWe’re in the 15th week of our Cookingham Connection series today as we hear from Tom Bonfield. He is the City Manager for the City of Durham, North Carolina, a position he has held since 2008. He is also an ICMA Credentialed Manager with over 35 years of experience in local government. Bonfield holds a BA in Accounting and an MBA.


Guidepost #15

Keep your eyes and ears open and your mouth shut during council meetings. This is one of the most important principles in the field of council-manager relations. I have known more managers who have talked themselves out of jobs than into jobs. The members of the council are elected by the people and know something about the business of municipal government. When they want information from the manager, they will ask him for it, and it is well to have the information when requested.

As a young manager, I was always anxious to speak up and interject my thoughts during Council Meetings. I suppose in part to show the Mayor and City Council how smart and on top of things I was. I also felt it was my responsibility to be sure that City Council meetings went off smoothly, and somehow by interjecting myself, I could assure that.

Today, after over 35 years in the profession, I rarely speak or interject myself at a City Council meeting unless called upon. So what changed? I learned that City Council meetings are the Council’s meeting and not the manager’s.

They are the opportunity for elected officials to (hopefully) shine, as they debate and articulate policies and decisions assigned to them by City Charter. Council members are best able to articulate, debate, and vote on issues when they have been fully briefed in advance by the manager and staff through clearly written and verbalized staff reports, recommendations, analysis, and communications. Providing or repeating this information for during a City Council meeting without being asked creates many more problems than it can hopefully help.

I encourage elected officials to not wait for the Council Meeting to ask questions to avoid an answer they do not want to be surprised about. I also encourage Council members to ask the manager or staff questions during City Council meetings, even if they already know the answer to assist them in substantiating a particular point.

In no way does this mean the manager is complacent and not attentive and not an active participant in City Council meetings. The manager must be attentive to situations that continually play out during even the most routine City Council meetings. In particular, the manager must be prepared to interject when staff members are making reports and presentations to the elected body to help clarify or emphasize important points or to support staff from overzealous elected officials.

How and when to do this comes with experience, circumstances, and the individuals involved. Always be courteous and avoid interrupting at all times. One effective technique I have found is to interject, when recognized by the chair, by asking staff members questionseven if you already know the answer. This technique allows the manager to indirectly interject thoughts and ideas without appearing to interfere or inappropriately become involved in discussions of the elected body.

Finally, if you are not sure of an answer, don’t guess and don’t be afraid to say you are not sure or do not know; but instead that you will find out and report back to the elected body. Council members are much more willing to accept this answer than to make a decision based on incorrect information from the manager or staff.

It’s called a City Council meeting for a reason!


The Cookingham Connection blog series is published in partnership with Emerging Local Government Leaders (ELGL). ELGL members are local government leaders with a passion for connecting, communicating, and educating.

One response

  1. […] in local government. You heard what the city manager of Durham, North Carolina had to say about Cookingham’s 15th guidepost. Now hear it from the perspective of Jim Lenner. Jim is the Village Manager for Johnstown, Ohio. […]

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